This illustration joins items, classes, and records. You will figure out how to make, access, update records and furthermore how to plan Python code with classes and arrangements of items.
Python offers a scope of compound datatypes frequently alluded to as successions. List is one of the most often utilized and it is an extremely flexible datatype, which can be composed as a rundown of comma-isolated qualities (things) between square sections. Significant thing about a rundown is that things in a rundown need not be of a similar kind.
How to create a list?
In Python programming, a list is created by placing all the items (elements) inside a square bracket, separated by commas. For example:
- mylist = [‘a’, ‘c’, ‘d’, 3, 4]
Access items in a list
You access the list items by referring to the index number. Index starts from 0. So, a list having 10 elements will have index from 0 to 9. Python, also, allows negative indexing for its sequences. The index of -1 refers to the last item, -2 to the second last item and so on. For example:
- mylist = [1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34]
- print(‘The 5-th element of the list is:’, mylist)
- #The 5-th element of the list is: 5
- print(‘The last element of the list is:’, mylist[-1])
- #The last element of the list is: 34
- print(‘Elements: 3rd to 5th:’, mylist[2:5])
- #Elements: 3rd to 5th: [2, 3, 5]
- print(‘Elements: 4th to end:’, mylist[3:])
- #Elements: 4th to end: [3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34]
Update a list
List are mutable, meaning, their elements can be changed.
- To change the value of a specific item, refer to the index number.
- To add to elements in a list use the append() method.
- To delete one or more items from a list use the keyword del or the remove method.
- mylist = [1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 5, 13, 21, 34]
- mylist = 8
- print(‘List after changing the value of 6th element:’, mylist)
- # List after changing the value of 6th element: [1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34]
- print(‘List after appending 55:’, mylist)
- # List after appending 55: [1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55]
- print(‘List after removing 55:’, mylist)
- # List after removing 55: [1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34]
- del mylist[-1]
- print(‘List after deleting the last element:’, mylist)
- # List after deleting the last element: [1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21]
Iterating Through a List
Using a for loop we can iterate though each item in a list. For example:
- mylist = [1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34]
- for number in mylist:
- print(‘number: ‘, number)
Built-in Functions with List
Built-in functions like len(), max(), min(), list(), sorted() etc. are commonly used with list to perform different tasks.
- all(): Return True if all elements of the list are true (or if the list is empty).
- any(): Return True if any element of the list is true. If the list is empty, return False.
- enumerate(): Return an enumerate object. It contains the index and value of all the items of list as a tuple.
- len(): Return the length of a list (the number of items in a list).
- list(): Convert an iterable (tuple, string, set, dictionary) to a list.
- max(): Return the largest item in the list.
- min(): Return the smallest item in the list
- sorted(): Return a new sorted list (does not sort the list itself).
- sum(): Return the sum of all elements in the list.
- mylist = [1, 7, 2, 11, 5, 21, 13, 5, 4]
- print(‘Sorted list:’, sorted(mylist))
- # Sorted list: [1, 2, 4, 5, 5, 7, 11, 13, 21]
- print(‘Sum of elements:’, sum(mylist))
- # Sum of elements: 69
- print(‘Max element:’, max(mylist))
- # Max element: 21
- print(‘Min element:’, min(mylist))
- # Min element: 1
- print(‘Length of list:’, len(mylist))
- # Length of list: 9
We can make rundown of item in Python by adding class examples to list. By this, each record in the rundown can highlight occasion credits and strategies for the class and can get to them. In the event that you notice it intently, a rundown of articles acts like a variety of constructions in C. How about we attempt to comprehend it better with the assistance of models.
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How to create a list of objects in Python
Python objects defined by a user constructed class can be members of a list like any other data type. A list of objects is a list where each element is a different instance of some class
Call the class constructor for every element, then create a list containing each object instance.
def __init__(self, number):
self.number = number
object_0 = number_object(0)
object_1 = number_object(1)
object_2 = number_object(2)
object_list = [object_0, object_1, object_2]
for obj in object_list:
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